Extraterrestrial Contact Series Part 1 – The Wow! Signal.

All over social media, there are articles discussing radio signals from other galaxies and stellar systems. The number one rule in astrophysics and cosmology is - IT IS NEVER ALIENS. A lot of radio signals can be interpreted and can have natural sources; rapidly rotating neutron stars, supermassive black holes and so on. So how … Continue reading Extraterrestrial Contact Series Part 1 – The Wow! Signal.

Cosmic Water Series. Part 1 – Mars

First of all, allow me to apologise for the extended break I've had from writing. I have been reading and working behind the scenes to gain enough content to keep us going into the new year. From reading subscriber comments and questions, one topic I haven't really touched upon in any great detail is water … Continue reading Cosmic Water Series. Part 1 – Mars

What is Offender Profiling?

Offender profiling, also known as criminal profiling and psychological profiling, is an investigative technique used by law enforcement to help catch the perpetrator(s) of crimes, especially serious ones. It is based on what type of person the perpetrator is like through analysing the crime and crime scene. Image by Emilian Robert Vicol from Pixabay There … Continue reading What is Offender Profiling?

How viruses help kill bacteria.

Viruses can harm us, one example being COVID-19. This is because viruses can not replicate or live by themselves. So they insert themselves into host cells (our cells) and use the host’s organelles and machinery to replicate. Once replicated, they burst out of the cell by cytolysis, killing the cell in the process. As a … Continue reading How viruses help kill bacteria.

The Kidneys and Controlling Water Levels

Your body needs to be able to regulate its water levels to prevent cells from getting damaged. Due to osmosis, if your body has too much water, your body cells will swell up and burst. On the other hand, if your body doesn’t have enough water, cells will shrivel up and die. Thankfully, as a … Continue reading The Kidneys and Controlling Water Levels

Telomeres and why we age.

What are telomeres? Telomeres are caps at the end of our chromosomes that protect our DNA from damage. They are made up of the same short DNA sequence repeated over and over again, with the same sequence of bases. They are important for a cells because without them chromosomes would stick together and would not … Continue reading Telomeres and why we age.

Vaccination delivery through a pill.

Vaccinations have become incredibly important due to COVID-19 and the vaccine rollout needs to be faster and more efficient in order to achieve global herd immunity. Vaccines, the COVID-19 vaccine being an example, are usually injections that contain dead or weakened versions of the pathogen. However, there a numerous disadvantages to these traditional vaccines: They … Continue reading Vaccination delivery through a pill.

The Three Types of Radiation

There are three types of radiation: alpha (α), beta (β) and gamma (γ) radiation, which all have different properties due to their structure. Radiation is emitted from radioactive isotopes (isotopes are different versions of the same element with the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons, so they have the same atomic … Continue reading The Three Types of Radiation

How do cancer cells evade the immune system?

Cancer cells manage to hide from our immune system (IS) and understanding how they evade the IS helps scientists to create treatments for cancer. It can even help scientists figure out how to hide donor organs in a patient. If you would like to learn more about transplant immunology, click here: https://glamsci.blog/2021/04/13/transplant-immunology/ Usually the IS … Continue reading How do cancer cells evade the immune system?

The History of The Atomic Model

Atoms, derived from the Greek word ‘Atomos’, meaning indivisible, make up everything in the world. They are the smallest part of elements that can exist, but what exactly is the structure of an atom like on the inside? Protons, neutrons and electrons, which are subatomic particles, make up atoms. Each proton has a relative charge … Continue reading The History of The Atomic Model

What causes allergies and food intolerances?

It is estimated the 2 million people in the UK have a food allergy and many more have food intolerances. What actually happens to someone who has an allergic reaction and what are the solutions? The difference between an allergy and intolerance An allergy is a reaction of your immune system that triggers symptoms like … Continue reading What causes allergies and food intolerances?

Transplant Immunology

Transplant immunology is the study of the immune response to organ transplants in surgery. There can be many complications that arise from transplants but a major factor is the immune system’s response to a foreign organ.  Why does the immune system reject an organ? Every person has a specific set of Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA) … Continue reading Transplant Immunology