Nearly all of us have jewellery of some kind, whether it be a wedding or engagement ring, a nice watch, a pendant or locket or even body jewellery. However what a lot of people don't think about is the materials that go into these pieces. I'm fascinated by jewellery and gemstones, as I see it … Continue reading Crystals, Jewellry and Chemistry
In the Quark Epoch of the early Universe, The weak nuclear force and electromagnetism were joined together as one. This was known as the electroweak force and as the Universe expanded and cooled the forces separated to become the fundamental forces we know today. These forces formed and separated within many millionths of seconds after … Continue reading Forces of Nature Series : Electromagnetism
Credit : http://www.whatis.com Quantum Mechanics is the branch of physics which deals with the infinately tiny motions of subatomic particles. From the beginning of this blog the primary focus has been on Einstein's Relativity which governs the motions of the massive celestial bodies like galaxies, stars and blackholes. One of the key principles of Quantum … Continue reading The Tiny World – Quantum Mechanics.
I hope you all had a great bank holiday weekend! I went back to Kent, where I grew up, to see my parents and some friends. I was chatting to my Dad, who's a leader for the local scout group (30th Strood in case you were wondering), and he was telling me that the exhaust from … Continue reading Car Chemistry – Catalytic Converters
One of the recurring questions throughout the series has been "can the light barrier be broken?" Unless humankind can build a spacecraft with zero mass, we will never truly reach the stars above. Only massless particles can travel at the speed of light. This expectation is unrealistic. The closest a craft can get to light … Continue reading Travelling Faster Than The Speed Of Light and Time Travel. Part 4
Black holes are some of the most enigmatic objects in science. They have proved that science fact, is sometimes stranger than science fiction. Black holes are the super heavy remains of dead stars. They lurk everywhere, from the centre of galaxies right down to particle collisions in the centre of the CERN super-collider (never fear, … Continue reading Photographing Monsters In The Night
In March 2011, physicists at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN (Centre for European Nuclear Research) in Geneva conducted an experiment to measure the velocity of a Neutrino, one of the elementary particles of nature. At the LHC, conditions can be artificially constructed to create particles which cannot be easily observed. This is how the … Continue reading Speed of Light Series: The Day Time, Space and Reality Broke Down.
Credit : DeviantArt One of the most important concepts in physics is the speed of light. As I have mentioned it multiple times in earlier posts, I felt a series in its own right is fitting. The maximum speed in which information in the Universe can travel is the speed of light in a vacuum, … Continue reading Speed Of Light Series. Part 1
Credit - AMP : The Atlantic So the last black hole has evaporated. It is 10 to the power of 100 years into the future. That is one followed by 100 zeros! From our perspective this is completely abstract but eventually this day will come. The universe will be filled with the electrons, positrons, protons … Continue reading The Dark Era – Part 4. Series/Universe Finale.
Credit: wikipedia The Degenerate Era has now passed. It is 10 to the 40th power year from now. To give some perspective on how far into the future this is, this is a 1 with 40 zero's after it! Ten duodecillion years. All the stars have gone and Black Holes rule the night sky. Not … Continue reading The Black Hole Era – The End of The Universe Part 3.